Aphodius fossor (Linnaeus, 1758)

Female
Common over most of England and Wales, less so northwards and southern Scotland. In Horse and cattle dung from March to October and among flood refuse throughout the autumn and winter. Abundant throughout the Watford area in dung of all kinds and in all situations e.g. in the open on Common moor or sheltered within Whippendell wood. A frequent visitor to M.V. light in the town centre, the first specimens usually appearing during April. Generally in small numbers during the early spring but by June more common, and abundant along with A.rufipes (L.), in July and August. Towards the end of August when A.rufipes is present (on Common moor) in large numbers fossor suddenly become infrequent.

Unmistakable; usually 9-12mm but occasionally smaller, broad (2-3mm) and very convex. Scutellum long ≥ 20% sutural length) and Elytral striae narrow, usually ≤ 10% width of interstices. Pronotum sparsely punctured towards side and and front angles. Entirely shining black although the elytra are accasionally dark red.

Description from 4 Watford specimens at X10

Male

Male

Female

Male

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