Anaglyptus mysticus (Linnaeus, 1758)        Notable B
A local and widespread species occuring throughout southern England and eastern Wales north to Cheshire and south Yorkshire. Apparently absent from Cornwall, Wight and most of East Anglia (Twinn and Harding). Each year between 2006 and 2008 we have observed adults on the flowers of cow parsley (Anthriscus sylvestris) or swept them from vegetation in the vicinity of these flowers throughout Whippendell wood. They are also said to visit the flowers of Hawthorn (Crataegus) and Dogwood (Cornus)(Bily and Mehl). Typically the species occurs in or around woodland, wooded pasture, hedgerows and scrubland. They are widely polyphagous on broadleaved timber and extensive lists of hosts have been compiled including Oak (Quercus), Beech (Fagus), Hawthorn (Crataegus), Hazel (Corylus), Lime (Tilia), Dogwood (Cornus), Pear (Pyrus malus), Birch (Betula), Alder (Alnus), Cherry (Prunus), Spindle (Euonymus) and Persimmon (Diospyrus). Crataegus has been considered the preferred host (Hickin). Eggs are laid in crevices or in burrows of other wood boring insects and the larvae feed under bark or in the wood of very dry dead boles and branches. Trees that have been scorched by fire are particularly prone to attack (Hickin ibid) and this may be due to the very dry nature of the wood. Frass produced by the larvae is very fine and tightly packed within the galleries resembling those of Clytus although those of Anaglyptus tend to penetrate into the heartwood more frequently. A drawing of larval tunnels is given in Hickin, p260. Pupation occurs in a cell constructed parallel to the grain in the sapwood and adults remain here throughout the winter to emerge during in warm days in April, depending on season, and they may remain active through to July. Life cycle is normally completed in 2 or 3 years but excessively dry timber may delay larval development; Hickin records discovering a larvae 'at least 13 years old in the wood of a dressing table'.

9-12mm (Duffy). Head and pronotum dull black, distinctly narrower than elytra across shoulders. Head vertically inclined to longitudinal axis of body, with short and dense recumbent pale pubescence, raised area in front of antennal insertions with sparse long outstanding pubescence. Eyes finely faceted and prominent, broadly transverse and curved above around antennal tubercles. Temples short, not constricted. Palps dark, terminal segments weakly dilated and rufinistic. Antennal segments 1-5 black, 6-11 lighter, segment 3 much longer than 2 and 4. Distance between inner margin of eyes greater than between antennal insertions. Pronotum quadrate, unicolorous black and without borders or lateral sculpture. Surface closely and shallowly punctate and coarsely microsculptured, with sparse outstanding pubescence. Scutellum black with dense white pubescence. Elytra completely covering abdomen, elongate and strongly convex, lateral prominences well developed and with a short longitudinal ridge either side of suture near base. Basal third red (in the melanic variety hieroglyphicus (herbst) the basal third of the elytra is black (Henderson, 1953)), otherwise black with bands of dense pubescence as shown. Apices separately rounded, covered with fine grey pubescence. Legs black, apical tarsal segments rufinistic. Femora petiolate, without apical spines. Hind tibia as long as femora. Third tarsal segment deeply bilobed. Claws long and curved, simple, without basal tooth.

Description from one Watford specimen at X20

The north American species A.verrucosus Olivier has in the past been imported with timber, it is keyed in Duffy and Hickin but not in Joy and is not included in our latest checklist (Duff, 2008). It is smaller, 6-9mm, and has a long spine on the apex of the third antennal segment, the femora are brown with a thin white band of pubescence along the inner and outer margins.

Reference
Henderson, J.L. 1953 Proc.Trans.S.Lond.Ent.Nat.Hist.Soc. 1952-53:9
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